ANNEXES 1 - 6 /14 PROCESSUS DE PRAGUE

 

 

ANNEXES DE L' ETUDE SUR LES DECLARATIONS DE PRAGUE

ET DU PARLEMENT EUROPEEN

 

ANNEXE 1

LETTRE DE LA COMMISSION EUROPEENNE

21 FEVRIER 2011

 

Réf. Ares(2011)195216 - 22/02/2011

COMMISSION EUROPÉENNE

Cabinet de la Vice-présidente Viviane Reding

Justice, droits fondamentaux et citoyenneté

 

Le Chef de Cabinet

 

Bruxelles, le 21 février 2011

MS/MSh/fm 95069

Monsieur Didier BERTIN

 

 

Monsieur,

 

La Vice-présidente de la Commission européenne, Madame Viviane Reding, a bien reçu votre courrier du 26 janvier 2011 et vous en remercie.

 

Le rapport de la Commission européenne du 22 décembre 2010 sur "La mémoire des crimes commis par les régimes totalitaires en Europe" souligne la diversité des législations des Etats membres dans ce domaine. Les États membres ont adopté des mesures différentes en fonction de leur histoire et de leurs particularités nationales. Même parmi les États membres qui ont subi le même type de régime totalitaire, les instruments et mesures retenus peuvent être très différents.

 

Compte tenu de cette disparité et des compétences limitées de l'Union européenne dans ce domaine, la Commission européenne considère que les conditions pour une action législative dans ces domaines ne sont actuellement pas réunies.

 

Dans son rapport, la Commission européenne souligne aussi l'importance pour l'Union de contribuer, dans les limites de ses compétences, à la promotion de la mémoire des crimes commis par les régimes totalitaires en Europe. La Commission européenne considère qu'il importe de combler les lacunes en matière de connaissance du passé totalitaire de tous les États membres, notamment en ce qui concerne la période durant laquelle l'Europe de l'Ouest et l'Europe de l'Est ont vécu deux expériences différentes.

 

Je vous prie d'agréer, Monsieur, l'expression des mes salutations distinguées.

 

 

Martin SELMAYR

 

Commission européenne - Bureau : BERL 12/294 -1049 Bruxelles - Belgique

 

ANNEXE 2

 

LETTRE DE LA COMMISSION EUROPEENNE

14 MARS 2011

  

Réf. Ares(2011)280839 - 14/03/2011

 

COMMISSION EUROPEENNE

Cabinet de la Vice-présidente Viviane Reding

Justice, droits fondamentaux et citoyenneté

 

Le Chef de Cabinet

 

Bruxelles, le 14 mars 2011

MS/ MSh/ fm 234410

Monsieur Didier BERTIN

 

Monsieur,

 

Au nom de Madame la Vice-présidente Viviane Reding, je vous remercie pour votre courrier du 25 février 2011 faisant suite à ma lettre du 22 février 2011. Dans votre courrier, vous faites référence à l'importance de l'Holocauste.

 

Je ne peux que partager votre avis sur ce point, en vous rappelant que le rapport de la Commission européenne du 22 décembre 2010 sur "La mémoire des crimes commis par les régimes totalitaires en Europe" exprime clairement la volonté de la Commission européenne à utiliser ses programmes financiers pour aider des parties intéressées à sauvegarder et à promouvoir la mémoire des crimes commis par les régimes totalitaires, y compris les crimes du nazisme.

 

Parmi ces programmes, en premier lieu le rapport de la Commission européenne

mentionne le programme «L'Europe pour les citoyens» dont l'action 4 «Une mémoire européenne active», vise à entretenir le souvenir des victimes du nazisme et du stalinisme et à améliorer la connaissance de ce qui s'est passé dans les camps et autres lieux d'extermination de masse de civils. Cette action soutient des projets visant à préserver les principaux sites et mémoriaux ayant un lien avec les déportations de masse, les anciens camps de concentration et autres sites de martyre et d'extermination à grande échelle du nazisme, ainsi que les archives relatives à ces événements, et à entretenir le souvenir des victimes, ainsi que !e souvenir de ceux qui, dans des conditions extrêmes, ont sauvé des personnes de la Shoah.

 

Je vous prie d'agréer, Monsieur, l'expression des mes salutations distinguées,

 

 

 

 

Martin SELMAYR

 

 

Commission européenne - Bureau : BERL 12/294 -1049 Bruxelles - Belgique

 

 

 

ANNEXE 3

 

Article

Content of the reply in French to the letter of 14 March 2011

from the Chief of Staff of Viviane Reding

By Didier Bertin - March 25, 2011 – www.euro-social-hr.org

Introduction

We have started to exchange letters with Viviane Reding, Vice President of the European commission and her Chief of Staff Martin Selmayr regarding our opposition in the name of the European Values, to the dangerous tendency to consider that the former Communist Regimes committed crime equivalent to those of Nazism and thus questioning the Uniqueness of the Holocaust.

 Our Reply

We have noted in your last letter that European Union has allocated resources to finance programs safeguarding the memory of the crimes committed by totalitarian regimes including Nazism. We thus understand that Nazism is now considered as a totalitarian regime among others and has lost its usual specificity of symbol of the highest degree of horror reached in our civilized word.

 

We think that this new approach of Nazism is an unfortunate consequence of the Prague Declaration of 3 June 2008 whose target was to report the horror of the crimes of the communist regimes. As a matter of fact this declaration has also reclassified the crimes of Nazism by ranking them equal to those of the Communist regimes. In our opinion this comparative statement was not the target of the signatories and has now adverse consequences.

 

It opens the door to Historical revisionism and strengthened the conviction of six countries to modify accordingly their “Criminal” laws: Lithuania, Latvia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and the Czech Republic. It must be noted that Lithuania and Hungary have already promulgated criminal laws in this field including imprisonment of 2 and 3 years respectively.

 

This comparative initiative is in our opinion unethical and questions half a century of judicial proceedings and trials against Nazi criminals, starting with the trial of Nuremberg.

 

We have the utmost respect and the greatest sympathy for the victims of the crimes of the communist regimes, but a requalification in haste of Nazi crimes is a lack of respect for the victims of Nazism and has perverted effects.

 

As a result the crimes of Nazism seem alleviated since they are embedded among others. The uniqueness of Nazism and of its creation “the Holocaust” is a reference absolutely needed to designate the highest point of Barbary for all peoples “as it was until now.”

 

The uniqueness of Nazism and of Holocaust may be understood easily by the fact that 63% of the European Jews were destroyed “mainly” from 1942 after the Wannsee conference until 1945 and even from 1941 regarding Lithuania.

 

Any questioning of the uniqueness of Nazism and Holocaust is in our opinion an anti-Semitic act.

 

We may also notice that the trivialization of Nazism has eased the rebirth of Nazism in Lithuania. This is particularly shocking since Lithuania saw the highest percentage (96%) of eradication of the Jewish people and since many citizens of this country had participated to the Holocaust.

 

Nazism is not only a simple authoritarian ideology, but has created and achieved the concept of the mass extermination. The representation of human skulls as the ornaments on the SS uniforms is meaningful. Today the Nazis parade in the streets of Vilnius and display the same SS symbols of death.

 

The uniqueness of “the Holocaust” has probably allowed a reduction of anti-Semitism in Europe without great merit since the remaining Jewish population in Europe became negligible today as compared to 1939 (12% as compared to 60% of the Jewish population in 1939). Questioning this uniqueness opens the doors of Intolerance in opposition to the values promoted by the European Union.

We think that Europe as a whole has a particular duty regarding the memory of the Holocaust; as a matter of fact Europe did not listen to Gustav Stresemann and Aristide Briand who both received the Nobel Peace Prizes in 1926 and by its procrastination had indirectly paved the way of Nazism.

 

In addition, in the Eastern part of Europe where most of the Jewish population lived before its eradication, the Holocaust had begun before the arrival of German troops and continued briefly after their defeat as a result of the slaughters made by the local populations.

 

Nazism is so different from other totalitarian regimes that Europe owes its today freedom to the gigantic sacrifice of 21 million of civilians and soldiers killed by the Nazis and who were all citizens of USSR.

 

We would like to stress again that today the Nazis legally march on the main avenues of Vilnius on Independence Day displaying the Swastika, which was duly legalized in 2010 as a national symbol.  

 

Lithuania has recently enacted a law prohibiting the display of Communist and Nazi Symbols but has thus cancelled the part concerning Nazism. The Museum of Genocide in this country excludes the Holocaust and as a result contravenes the European rules. In addition it must be noted that Lithuania has never accepted to judge the war criminals expelled from USA after the communist era.

 

We must note that this totalitarian attitude contravenes the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which can be legally enforced as the result of the treaty of Lisbon of 2009.

In Hungary the left side Government voted a law prohibiting the denial of Holocaust on 23 February 2010, which was dismantled on 8 June 2010 by the new elected rightist and authoritarian government of Viktor ORBAN. In a new law the word Holocaust was deleted and replaced by the word genocides committed by the communists and the Nazis. In Hungary 74% of the 596 000 Jews was exterminated principally from 1944 to 1945. Hungary as Lithuania cannot mention in no way anything similar which might be called genocide. We must also note the significant Hungarian participation to the extermination of Jews.

 

We thus do think that the European commission has the necessary legal tools to request the cancellation of the laws criminalizing those who disagree with the equivalence between Communism and the regrettable consequences of these laws.

We will make simultaneously efforts to obtain declarations regarding the crimes of the communist regimes without adverse comparative statement.

 

ANNEXE 4

SHOAH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANNEXE 5

 

Répartition de la population juive de 1939

à nos jours  

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANNEXE 6

Pertes humaines

dues au second conflit mondial

Number of people killed during the World War II

Countries

Soldiers

Civilians

Total

USSR

13 600 000

7 500 000

21 100 000

China

3 800 000

16 200 000

20 000 000

INDONESIA

-

4 000 000

4 000 000

GERMANY

3 250 000

3 810 000

7 060 000

POLAND

320 000

5 500 000

5 820 000

JAPAN

1 300 000

700 000

2 000 000

YOUGOSLAVIA

300 000

1 400 000

1 700 000

ROMANIA

520 000

465 000

985 000

HUNGARY

-

-

750 000

GREECE

-

-

574 000

FRANCE

238 000

330 000

541 000

AUSTRIA

380 000

145 000

525 000

ITALY

330 000

80 000

410 000

CZEKOSLOVENSKA

-

-

400 000

UNITED KINGDOM

382 600

67 800

450 400

U S A

416 800

1 700

418 500

NETHERLANDS

12 000

198 000

210 000

BELGIUM

12 000

76 000

88 000

FINLAND

-

-

84 000

CANADA

45 300

-

45 300

INDIA

87 000

1 500 000

1 587 000

AUSTRALIA

39 400

700

40 100

ALBANIA

-

-

28 000

SPAIN

12 000

10 000

22 000

BULGARIA

19 000

2 000

21 000

NEW ZEALAND

12 000

-

12 000

NORWAY

-

-

10 262

NORTH AFRICA

9 000

-

9 000

LUXEMBOURG

-

-

5 000

DENMARK

4 000

-

4 000

TOTAL KILLED

25 189 100

42 186 200

64 781 162

Source chiffres France : Histoire : le Monde de 1939 à nos jours

(Ed. pour Lycées - Terminales),

Collection J. Marseille, Nathan, 1998 ; Inde et Indonésie :

Commonwealth war graves Commission;